Contributors: Knoop, Bettina (Universität Passau)
Bettina Knoop arbeitet seit 2013 als wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin in der Anthropogeographie an der Universität Passau. Ihr Forschungsinteresse gilt Entwicklungsprozessen in schrumpfenden Städten. Bettina Knoop plant aktuell ihr Promotionsprojekt über schrumpfende Städte im europäischen Vergleich.
Scientific paper contribution: Nothing but Growth for Shrinking Cities? Urban Planning and its Influencing Factors in Poland
Abstract: Deindustrialization and demographic change have resulted in an increasing number of cities confronted with population decline in Poland. Although the potential of expansion is restricted for most cities under these circumstances, urban planning is dominated by a quantitative growth paradigm. In a first step, this case study confirms the orientation towards growth in two shrinking cities in Poland – the former mining town of Walbrzych and the still active mining town of Ruda Slaska. In a second step, the research project aims at analyzing influence factors underlying the orientation towards growth in urban planning. Regional socio-political and cultural specificities based on a history of socialist urbanization have a share. Inter-urban competition and national planning guidelines as well as European Union directives for financial support also play a role. Such an identification of growth-drivers is a necessary step towards paving the way for sustainable urban restructuring concepts in shrinking cities in the future. Narrative Step: Facing the current crisis: critique & resistance Keywords: shrinking cities; urban planning; deindustrialization; demographic change