Contributors: García-López, Gustavo (ICTA - UAB)
I am a postdoctoral fellow in the European Network of Political Ecology (ENTITLE) at the Autonomous University of Barcelona working on socio-ecological movements and community-based initiatives for the protection and autonomous management of environmental commons in Mexico and Puerto Rico.
Scientific paper contribution: Environmental movements and commoning strategies in Puerto Rico: challenging the growth paradigm?
Abstract: In this paper, I explore the potential for challenges to growth, in material and symbolic terms, presenting examples of recent environmental conflicts and policy debates in the Caribbean island of Puerto Rico relating to construction in coastal areas, where a crony state coalesces with a corrupt business sector to promote the enclosure and destruction of coastal ecosystems and the eviction of low-income communities to facilitate construction projects as the main strategy for economic growth. The paper shows how different movements challenge government-corporate proposals of exclusive mega-hotels and residential complexes by offering concrete alternatives based on a grassroots concept of community-based ‘sustainable development’ that emphasizes public access to the beach, community permanence, conservation of high-value natural areas, community involvement in the management of these areas, and community-based eco-tourism.
Keywords: de-growth, common-pool resources, social movements, community-based resource management
Narrative step: strategies for transformation panel: Challenges to growth from the South: commodity frontiers, conflicts and alternatives