Contributors: Jeronimo, Helena
Scientific poster contribution 1: Alternative Strategies in dealing with waste in a world of finite resources
Abstract: Waste reveals a great deal about values and how we live, the economy that produces it, and our notions of development. An economy driven by the compulsion to make and consume have formed a world in which the lifetime of “durable” products tends to be shortened to that of “consumables,” while nonrenewable natural resource stocks are consumed like renewable production flows. This paper argues that waste is permeable to different uses and management methods, based on the existence of potential alternatives. One is more closely tied to corporate interests and may encourage the waste-producing model, whereas others are closer to the environmental values and to a sustainable approach. The choice stems from the emphasis placed on economic development models, certain values and the strategic priorities of scientific research. Facing up to the problem effectively will also depend on coordinated political approaches and patterns of development which achieve harmonious combinations of responsible resource use, sustainable production, consumption and development, and the involvement of citizen-consumers.
Scientific paper contribution 2: Towards a methodological luddism for ICTs
This paper is authored by Prof. Dr. José Luís Garcia, and co-authored by Prof. Dr. Helena Jeronimo, and Lanka Horstink.
Abstract: This proposal stems from the need for an experimental and reflective method - which we call “methodological luddism” - that will allow us to reevaluate the structure of humans' relationships with information technologies. Luddism as a method should not be confused with its original meaning - destruction of machines and equipment -, but understood as a means to examine the conditions that ICTs impose on social life. The problems of the digital divide and risk are only two of many reasons that might persuade us to include ICTs within the scope of a luddite method relative to current information culture. Methodological luddism would have as one of its main tasks the training for information in today's society, which is neither the training of technical experts nor the technical training of users, but rather involves the questioning of technological systems, not excluding the possibility of rejecting or even eliminating some of these.