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Beyond development and resource extractivism: Feminist perpectives


This special session starts from the hypothesis that growth cannot be overcome without dismantling its inherent patriarchal logics. It therefore seeks points of connection and exchange between the feminist critique of extractivism articulated in Latin America, in contexts where good living and the rights of nature are postulated, and the discussion around reproduction economies that European feminists promote.
Extractivism, meaning economies centred on the exploitation and exportation of commodities like minerals, oil or soy beans without major industrial processing inland, is the motor of growth in Latin America today. As Latin American feminists have stated, extractivism has peculiar consequences on the lives of women, often depriving them of their traditional livelihoods by devastating territories and offering precarious jobs primarily to men. It thus promotes a shift in local gender relations. Furthermore, latin American feminists have postulated the extractivist logic itself – which is intimately related to the logic of growth - follows patriarchal visions of life and of society as a whole. This not only has driven women to the frontline of resistance, but also leads feminists to think about possible alternatives.
At the same time, European feminists criticize the growth scheme because it makes reproductive work invisible and articulate proposals around reproductive economies that allow to view economics from a different set of ethics and seek to give it back its social function. Some of them postulate the redistribution not only of wealth but also of time, as a path to gender and social justice. Others speak of qualitative instead of quantitative growth, centred on social services. Reproduction economy means a care economy centred on human needs, social infrastructure, other relations to Nature and a shift in the understanding of work itself. All of these ideas would lead to a thorough transformation of gendered power relations.
The session thus proposes a feminist dialogue between North and South about feminist critiques of the hegemonic growth patterns and their gender implications, as well as about feminist alternative concepts.

Daniela Gottschlich: Principles and ethics of caring and sustainable economy

Friederike Habermann: Economy, Ecommony, CareCommony

Mar Daza: A dialogue with feminisms: Mining, social movements and horizons of transformation

Esperanza Martinez: Extractivism, neocolonialism and redistribution