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Rebound Effect I: Energy, efficiency, and growth


Since early industrialization, increased amounts of energy as well as increased quality and reduced costs of energy, in part resulting from improved energy efficiency, have been prime drivers of economic growth. Now, as we have already passed beyond the limits of growth, energy efficiency improvements take an ambivalent role. One the one hand, energy efficiency improvements provide a viable option to prevent wastage of valuable energy carriers (both fossil and renewable) and curtail greenhouse gas emissions. On the other hand, increasing energy efficiency generates so-called ‘rebound effects’, which spur new energy demand and continued economic growth.

Norgard: The delusion of decoupling, and policy options for mitigating the rebound effects and the environmental impact

Buhl: Worktime Reduction and Rebound Effects

Sonnberger: Rebound effects from a practice theoretical perspective

Walnum: An interdisciplinary understanding of macro rebound effects

Aall: Investigating the potential of applying theories on rebound effects to the climate discourse: Climate change adaptation in winter tourism

Santarius: Towards a Theory of Psychological Rebound Effects