Contributors: Martínez, Esperanza (Oilwatch and Acción Ecologica, Ecuador)
Co-founder of the environmental orga-
nizations “Acción Ecológica” and “Oil-
watch South America”. She worked as
an advisor for the Ecuadorian energy
and mining ministry and together with
Alberto Acosta published several books
on the topics environment and econo-
ist Mitbegründerin der Umweltorganisationen „Acción Ecológica“ und „Oilwatch Sudamerica“. Sie war unter Unter anderem als Beraterin für das ecuadorianische Energie- und Bergbauministerium tätig und hat gemeinsam mit Alberto Acosta mehrere Bücher zum Themenkomplex Umwelt und Wirtschaft herausgegeben.
Scientific paper contribution: Extractivism, neocolonialism and redistribution
Special Session: Beyond Development and Resource Extractivism: Feminist Perspectives
Organizer and Chair: Dr. Miriam Lang, Rosa Luxemburg Foundation
Key words: extractivism, neocolonialism, redistribution, ecological costs
Abstract: Our era is characterized by the end of easy-to-extract oil reserves. Unconventional and risky extraction techniques are proliferating. Oil extraction as motor of an economy has always had significant consequences for social and political organization, which are best understood if one looks at the different stages of oil exploitation, from prospection through production, processing and finally consumption, which can be viewed as the social metabolism of oil. Women have not only been at the forefront of resistance against oil drilling in many parts of the world, they also suffer specific effects of oil-centered economies. Not only are women’s livelihoods deeply affected in the territories sacrificed to the drilling of oil.