Version 2.0

Contributors: Demaria, Federico (R&D)


Federico Demaria is a member of the Collective 'Research & Degrowth', and a researcher at the Autonomous University of Barcelona and the Jawaharlal Nehru University, India. He is the co-editor (with Giacomo D'Alisa and Giorgios Kallis) of "Degrowth: A Vocabulary for a New Era" (Routledge, 2014).

Arbeitet zu Ökologischer Ökonomik, Politischer Ökologie und Müllpolitik. Seit 2006 Teil der Degrowth-Bewegung und -Debatte, zunächst bei der Italian Association for Degrowth und später als Mitbegründer von Research & Degrowth (Spanien). Er ist Mitherausgeber von "Degrowth: A Vocabulary for a New Era" (2014).

Scientific paper contribution 1: Care and Degrowth
The paper is co-authored by Ph.D. Giacomo D'Alisa, Marco Deriu

Abstract: Care is the daily action performed by human beings for their welfare and for the welfare of their community. The community refers to the ensemble of people being in proximity, and with which every human being lives, such as the family, friendships or the neighbourhood. In these spaces, as well in the society as a whole, an enormous quantity of work is devoted to sustenance, reproduction and to the contentment of human relations. Unpaid work is the term used in feminist economics to account for the free work devoted to such tasks. Feminists have denounced for years the undervaluation of work for bodily and personal care, and the related undervaluation of the subjects delegated to undertake it, i.e. women (Jochimsen and Knobloch, 1997). Feminists continue to affirm the unique role that care has in the wellbeing of humans. This is not simply because this unpaid work exceeds the total quantity of paid work performed in the market space (Picchio, 2003).

Scientific paper contribution 2: Civil and Uncivil Actors for a Degrowth Society
The paper is co-authored by Ph.D. Giacomo D'Alisa, Dr Claudio Cattaneo

Abstract: Within the context of the ecological crisis and technocratic drift of western nations whose overarching goal is economic growth, a plea for degrowth is emerging. In this essay, the concept of degrowth is adopted as an interpretative frame to describe a variety of forms of grassroots activism, mainly across crisis-ridden Europe. Particular attention is devoted to the distinction between forms of alternative activism that respect conventional societal norms and forms of resistance that fundamentally reject some of the key tenets of contemporary market economies. These two forms of grassroots mobilization, whose actors we define, respectively, as ‘civil’ and ‘uncivil’, constitute different (albeit perhaps complementary) imaginaries emerging out of the civil society arena, thus likely to lead to a profound reconsideration of authority (and legitimacy). The integration of both dimensions may contribute to the construction of a new degrowth society. Special Session: Citizens vs Markets: How Civil Society is Rethinking the Economy in a Time of Crises

Scientific paper contribution 3: What is Degrowth? – From an Activist Slogan to a Social Movement
The paper is co-authored by Dr Francois Schneider, Filka Sekulova, Joan Martinez Alier

Abstract: Degrowth is the literal translation of ‘décroissance’, a French word meaning reduction. Launched by activists in 2001 as a challenge to growth, it became a missile word that sparks a contentious debate on the diagnosis and prognosis of our society. ‘Degrowth’ became an interpretative frame for a new social movement where numerous streams of critical ideas and political actions converge. It is an attempt to re-politicise debates about desired socio-environmental futures and an example of an activist-led science now consolidating into a concept in academia. This article discusses the definition, origins, evolution, practices and construction of degrowth. The main objective is to explain degrowth’s multiple sources and strategies in order to improve its basic definition and avoid reductionist criticisms. To this end, the article presents degrowth’s main intellectual sources as well as its diverse strategies (oppositional activism, building of alternatives and political proposals) and actors (practitioners, activists and scientists). Special Session: Alternative imaginaries: buen vivir, radical ecological democracy and degrowth